Goals relating to storm water include adaptation for future higher sea level and climate change with more intense rain events, offering attractive public spaces and integrated storm water systems (SuDS). SuDS methods have included green planters along streets and infiltration surfaces in a central park. Storm water management strategies were developed for the project and include key principles such as hard surfaces not connected directly to the drainage system, storm water should be detained and used for irrigation – promoting biodiversity; no increased pollutant load at recipient; raingardens designed for two-year flooding events.
Sweco was involved in the storm water management systems in every stage of the project, from strategies, developing new measures, technical support, design of public spaces such as roads, parks and squares. The project received a C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group award for the best sustainable urban development project in 2015, presented at the UN Climate Change Conference in Paris.
Catchment based Surface Water Management in Scotland: In South Dalmarnock, for Clyde Gateway, a Glasgow regeneration company, green networks were used to address site drainage, including an innovative “flood finger” river interface, capable of mitigating loss of floodplain storage caused by land raising as part of the redevelopment, and providing attractive flood defence.
A SuDS basin and riparian landscape was constructed in 2013 at the site of the former Dalmarnock Power Station, and construction commenced for the residential plots in 2018. As part of the Cumbernauld SWMP for Scottish Water, the largest (volumetrically) SuDS detention pond solution in Europe at 22,000 m3 total capacity, was designed and constructed using a “cascading pond” design.
The scheme was delivered 40 per cent under budget, realising savings of approximately £2 million. Consultation and involvement of the local community was an important stage. There were multiple benefits as part of the project, including culvert daylighting, greenspace enhancement, creating capacity in existing watercourses, storm water and combined sewers to facilitate future development objectives and public amenity benefits without the need for wholesale sewer upgrades.
Read the full report: FROM THREAT TO OPPORTUNITY – REVALUATING STORM WATER MANAGEMENT IN URBAN AREAS
This report details the role of sustainable drainage systems and how these can be developed to benefit citizens and the environment in equal measure.
EXAMPLE 3: SUSTAINABLE MOBILITY SOLUTIONS
Public transport is going through transformative changes in many European cities. Many changes are yet to come, but in some cities, the future has to some extent already arrived.
Bybanen, Bergen Norway: The light rail “Bybanen” is the winner of the Innovation Award for Universal Design in the transport category. The aim of the award is to acknowledge innovative solutions that anyone can use. A universal design was a fundamental requirement for the development of Bybanen. It is the first rail line in Norway universally designed with a focus on traveller accessibility. Bybanen offers an equitable transportation solution – public transport for the mountains. It makes public space, otherwise hard to reach, accessible to all Bergen residents and visitors.
The city of Bergen’s light rail is now the preferred means of public transport for the mountains and has changed the city landscape for travellers. Highly accessible mobility solutions and a universal design improve inclusion, equal opportunities and equality. This also sets a standard and provides a good example of new, user-focused mobility solutions for future travellers.
Electric scooters, Stockholm Sweden: Electric scooters (or kick bikes) help you minimise your carbon footprint and reduce your greenhouse emissions. This service is connected to an app. Scooters are booked via smartphone, and users pay only for the time used. Scooters can be picked up and dropped off all over the city, so travellers are not limited to predetermined routes.
Read the full report: TRANSPORT REVOLUTION – THE FUTURE OF ACCESSIBLE PUBLIC TRANSPORT IN URBAN AREAS
This Urban Insight report explores the concept of shared mobility, and how new technology such as self-driving cars and mobility-as-a-service is likely to affect the way we use our public transport system.